NRCeS involves in development and customization of health informatics standards in form of subsets, refsets, user guide on using standards or parts of standards for complying with nationally defined standard treatment guidelines for various domains, national program specific usage, etc. to meet national requirements. Under this service, NRCeS offers -

  • SNOMED CT national refsets.
  • SNOMED CT national drug extension.
  • Country specific customizations to EHR standards.
  • National release processes and guidelines.
  • Manage and maintain national releases.
  • Assists in development of vendor / implementer specific subsets / refsets.


On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, as a public health emergency of international concern. The health systems globally are continuing their efforts to manage the outbreak.

Pandemic outbreak such as Coronavirus outbreak can create huge challenges for the Government and Public Health Officials to capture, store, refer, exchange of clinical information at different location and analyze collected information.

India COVID-19 Extension for SNOMED CT enables standardized coding of essential clinical information for managing COVID-19, enable linkages to terminology and use in application/system for Clinical Documentation, Data Retrieval, Data Exchange, Data Analytics, Reporting, etc. in India.

This extension contains 29 new records directly related to COVID-19 plus core concept for COVID-19 module. The Extension along with SNOMED CT International Edition (March 2020) offers total 53 records related to COVID-19.


ConceptID DescriptionID Type Term
672221000189100934801000189119 FSNSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 negative (finding)
672221000189100934811000189117 SynonymSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 negative
672221000189100934821000189113 Synonym2019-nCoV negative
672221000189100934831000189110 Synonym2019 novel coronavirus negative
672221000189100934841000189116 SynonymCOVID-19 negative
672221000189100934851000189118 SynonymSARS-CoV-2 negative
672231000189103934861000189115 FSNSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 test (procedure)
672231000189103934871000189112 SynonymSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 test
672231000189103934881000189114 SynonymCOVID-19 test
672231000189103934891000189111 SynonymSARS-CoV-2 test
672231000189103934901000189112 Synonym2019 novel coronavirus test
672231000189103934911000189114 Synonym2019-nCoV test
672241000189109934921000189118 FSNRecovered from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (finding)
672241000189109934931000189116 SynonymRecovered from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
672241000189109934941000189110 SynonymRecovered from COVID-19
672241000189109934951000189113 SynonymRecovered from SARS-CoV-2
672241000189109934961000189111 SynonymRecovered from 2019 novel coronavirus
672241000189109934971000189119 SynonymRecovered from 2019-nCoV
672251000189107934981000189117 FSNTaking swab for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (procedure)
672251000189107934991000189115 SynonymTaking swab for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
672251000189107935011000189114 SynonymTaking swab for 2019 novel coronavirus
672251000189107935021000189118 SynonymTaking swab for SARS-CoV-2
672251000189107935031000189116 SynonymTaking swab for 2019-nCoV
672261000189105935041000189110 FSNIsolation at home because of infection (procedure)
672261000189105935051000189113 SynonymHome quarantine
672261000189105935061000189111 SynonymIsolation at home because of infection
672271000189101935071000189119 FSNIsolation at hospital because of infection (procedure)
672271000189101935081000189117 SynonymHospital quarantine
672271000189101935091000189115 SynonymIsolation at hospital because of infection

Get India COVID-19 Extension

Release Note (228KB)

Common Drug Codes for India


Drugs (medicinal products) are one of the key data point captured and referred for continuity of care of an individual. In order for the drugs information to be identified, stored, referred, and exchanged between different clinical, reporting, stock, supply chain, dispensation systems, it is important to have common drug codes across those systems.

Lack of common drug codes across different systems and healthcare setups invariably introduce local maps, formats and naming conventions leading to input errors, missing information, incorrect identification and other problems that surface due to lack of unique identities and diverging naming methodologies. This makes exchange of health data a difficult and error-prone activity.

For a country rapidly digitizing its information systems and especially adopting digital systems in healthcare information management, it is important that this key piece of information is codified and made available for use across all system. Different system should be able to use the same codes with slightly different additional information to meet its purposes.

National Resource Centre for EHR Standards (NRCeS), a program of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India is providing these Common Drug Codes for India for use across healthcare records, supply and pharmacy systems.

Common Drug Codes for India (Terminology Integrated Package) includes generic (clinical drug), supplier, and branded medicine concepts which when used along with SNOMET CT International Release covers all medicines, except devices, surgical implants, and combi packs, from:

  • National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM) 2015
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan-Aushadhi Yojana
  • Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) programme

The Common Drug Codes for India are distributed in two different formats for ease of use and adoption:

  • Common Drug Codes for India (Terminology Integrated Package)
  • Common Drug Codes for India (Flat Files Package)

1. Common Drug Codes for India (Terminology Integrated Package)

Common Drug Codes for India (Terminology Integrated Package) is a set of files that integrate with SNOMED CT Global Medical Terminology files and content for use in any data entry, analysis, or record exchange systems that adhere to MoH&FW notified Electronic Health Record Standards for India 2016 guidelines.

The Extensions are a mechanism to extend SNOMED CT for specialized terminology needs such as medicine to match requirements of different clinical specialties / domains. The purpose of this Extension includes:

  • Enable standardized coding of medicinal products for clinical care
  • Enable linkages to terminology and use in application/system for:
    - Clinical Documentation
    - Data Retrieval
    - Data Analytics
    - Reporting
    - ePrescription
    - Stock management
    - Supply Change management

This is a Developer Preview release containing additional concepts covering Suppliers, Brand and Supplier combination, Clinical Drug, and Branded Medicines to familiarize affiliates and health IT implementors with the format and model of the national drug extension.

The Common Drug Codes for India (Terminology Integrated Package) is available as India Drug Extension for SNOMED CT to Affiliate Licensees to download through Member Licensing and Distribution Service (MLDS).

This release package is distributed for Development, Review, Integration, Testing and Demonstration purposes only. It may NOT be used in production clinical systems or in clinical settings until a production release is available.

Get Common Drug Codes for India (Terminology Integrated Package)

Release Note (1173KB)


2. Common Drug Codes for India (Flat Files Package)

Common Drug Codes for India (Flat Files Package) have been introduced to support standardized coding and sharing of drug codes without need of integrating the complete Terminology.

The package provides a Tab Separated Values in text files and covers codes for Substances, Trade or Brand Name, Supplier, Drug Forms, Generic Medicines and Branded Medicines.

This release package is distributed for Development, Review, Integration, Testing and Demonstration purposes only. It may NOT be used in production clinical systems or in clinical settings until a production release is available.

Common Drug Codes for India (Flat Files Package) is available for use under terms provided in License.txt file included in the Package

Release Note (237KB)


3. Drug Information Service Bundle (DISB)

Drug Information Service Bundle (DISB) is a software providing a set of restful services to receive information about substances, generics, and branded medicines present in the Common Drug Codes for India released by National Resource Centre for EHR Standards (NRCeS) at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune.

The software can be useful in receiving additional reference / knowledge about the drugs in various usage scenarios.

The DISB enables clinicians, pharmacists and researchers to find out relevant information about the medicines and substances. It can also help health IT implementors in building decision support systems that can generate alerts about adverse reactions and allergies of medication. DISB will be distributed in synchronization with Common Drug Codes for India.

Drug Information Service Bundle is available for use under terms provided in License.txt file included in the Package.

Release Note (221KB)



India Reference Sets for SNOMED CT includes following 30 Simple Refsets covering common diseases under National Public Health Programs and Medical Specialty / Department-wise refsets. Administrative procedures are not included in the refsets.

Refsets for National Programs
for Disease Control
Refsets for Specialty or Department
1. Cataract
2. Cervical Cancer
3. Childhood Diarrhea
4. Dengue
5. Iodine deficiency
6. Leprosy
7. Lymphatic filariasis
8. Malaria
9. Oral Cancer
10. Pregnancy related Anemia
11. Stroke
12. Tuberculosis
1. Cardiology
2. Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
3. Dermatology
4. Emergency
5. Fetal Medicine
6. Gastroenterology
7. General Surgery
8. Geriatrics
9. Nephrology
10. Neurology
11. Neurosurgery
12. Obstetrics and Gynecology
13. Oncology
14. Orthopedics
15. Pediatrics
16. Psychiatry
17. Radiology
18. Rheumatology


This package depends on the SNOMED CT July 2017 International Edition, and should be used and analyzed accordingly.

The Reference Sets can be used effectively by both public and the private sectors in health information systems.

The India Reference Sets for SNOMED CT are available to Affiliate Licensees to download through Member Licensing and Distribution Service (MLDS).

Release Note (702KB)